Dog Diseases - Dental Disease

 
dog dental care
  • Dental disease is the most commonly diagnosed disease in dogs and affects 3 in 4 dogs.
  • Dental hygiene is often overlooked by owners, which results in bacteria buildup along the gums. This can lead to inflammation of the gums, a condition called gingivitis, and a host of other problems including abscesses, cavities and sores.
  • Without treatment, gingivitis can cause infection in the gums and inflammation of the tissues around the teeth (periodontal disease).
  • Tartar is formed by a build-up of bacteria on the tooth surface. Since dogs don’t brush their teeth every day, the bacteria multiply and eventually form a hard substance that is known as plaque, and this leads to tartar formation. This tartar begins to infect the gums.

Symptoms:
  • Foul breath
  • Change in eating habits
  • Painful mouth - may growl or snarl if mouth or head is touched
  • Excessive drooling
  • Not wanting to chew on toys
  • Dropping food out of mouth when eating
  • Rubbing face on ground or pawing at face
  • Weight loss
dog dental care
Prevention:
  • Dental disease is preventable with regular dental care: brushing the dog’s teeth 2-3 times a week with specialized finger brush and toothpaste.
  • Provide special canine chew toys, designed to reduce tartar build up.
  • Feed special dental diets.
  • Take your dog to the veterinarian for routine.

Treatment:
  • Treatment of disease depends on its type and severity.
  • Dental cleaning is done to remove the tartar and plaque from the tooth surface using ultrasonic scaling and polishing tools.
  • Gingivitis is reversible with proper care, but periodontal disease can be a source of chronic infection and so may require tooth removal or more serious dental surgery.