Cat Diseases - Feline Rabies

 
rabies in cats
  • Rabies is a viral disease that affects the brain and spinal cord of all mammals, including cats, dogs and humans.
  • Rabies is most often transmitted through a bite from an infected animal. Less frequently, it can be passed on when the saliva of an infected animal enters another animal’s body through mucous membranes or an open, fresh wound.
  • Once the virus enters the cat's body, it replicates in the cells of the muscles and then spreads to the closest nerve fibers, including all peripheral, sensory and motor nerves, traveling from there to the CNS via fluid within the nerves.
  • The virus can take up to a month to develop, but once the symptoms have begun the virus progresses rapidly.
  • It is a zoonotic disease and can therefore be transmitted to humans. Around the world 1 person dies from rabies every 10 minutes.
    Clinical disease has 3 stages:
    1. Prodromal Stage: In the early symptom (prodomal) stage of rabies infection, the dog will show only mild signs of CNS abnormalities. This stage will last from one to three days.
    2. Furious Stage: Furious rabies is characterized by extreme behavioral changes, including overt aggression and attack behavior.
    3. Paralytic Stage: Paralytic rabies, also referred to as dumb rabies, is characterized by weakness and loss of coordination, followed by paralysis.
rabies in cats
    Symptoms:
  • Behavioural changes
  • Loss of appetite
  • Desire for isolation
  • Anti-social behavior
  • Aggression
  • Lethargy
  • Paralysiss
  • Fever
  • Seizures
  • Hydrophobia
  • Jaw is dropped
  • Inability to swallow
  • Muscular lack of coordination
  • Hypersalivation or frothy saliva
    Prevention:
  • Vaccination is the best way to prevent infection and properly vaccinated animals stand very little chance of contracting the disease.
  • Your cat should be kept indoors away from other wild animals to keep them safest.
    Treatment:
  • There is no treatment or cure for rabies once symptoms appear.
  • The disease results in fatality.