Cat Diseases - Lymphosarcoma

 
Canine lymphoma
  • Lymphoma is a type of cancer that originates in the lymphocyte cells. A type of white blood cell, lymphocytes play an important and integral role in the body's defenses in the immune system.
  • There are two forms of lymphocytes: B and T cells. Lymphoma may involve neoplastic proliferation of T or B, or non-B/non-T type lymphocytes, occurring primarily in the bone marrow, lymph nodes, and visceral organs.
  • Cat with feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) or feline leukemia virus (FeLV) is more susceptible to Lymphosarcoma.
  • It is the most frequently diagnosed among all types of feline cancer.
  • Cats living in smoking households are twice as likely to acquire lymphosarcoma.
    Symptoms and Type:
    Clinical signs and symptoms depend on the organ/tissues involved. Following are some forms of lymphoma along with the related symptoms in cats:
  • Mediastinal form (lymphosarcoma occurs in the thymus, which is located in the chest i.e. between the lungs)
    • Open mouth breathing
    • Cough
    • Loss of appetite (anorexia)
    • Weight loss
  • Alimentary form (occurs in the gastrointestinal tract, abdomen, and liver)
    • Anorexia
    • Lethargy
    • Vomiting
    • Constipation
    • Diarrhea
    • Black or tarry stool
    • Fresh blood in stool
  • Multicentric form (occurs in the lymph nodes)
    • Swollen lymph nodes
    • Loss of appetite
    • Weight loss
    • Depression
  • Solitary form (can occur in any location)
    • Symptoms depend upon location
  • Renal form (occurs in the kidneys)
    • Anorexia
    • Vomiting
    • Weakness
    • Increased urination and thirst (polyuria and polydipsia)
Cat Contact allergies
    Prevention:
  • There are no preventative measures for this type of cancer.
  • The only resolution in some cases is to provide extra care to improve the quality of life in affected animals.
  • Cats affected with FIV or FeLV should be kept indoors away from other cats to keep them safest.
  • It is also important to note that if you smoke, avoid presenting your cat in this situation – smoke outside so that it will not affect your pet.
    Treatment:
  • There is no single treatment available to treat lymphomas. The major goal is to improve the quality of life for patients for as long as possible.
  • The treatment choice will depend on the site and form of the tumour, and the availability of the treatment options.
  • Chemotherapy is the best treatment option for lymphoma. Besides this drug therapy and radiation therapy may also be given.
  • In a few cases, if the tumour is limited and easy to access, surgical removal may be possible.
  • Supportive care such as fluids to correct dehydration may be given.