Dog Diseases - Parainfluenza

 
dog parainfluenza
  • Canine parainfluenza virus (CPIV) is a highly contagious respiratory virus and is one of the most common pathogens of infectious tracheobronchitis, also known as canine cough.
  • Parainfluenza virus is easily spread from dog to dog and causes symptoms which may become fatal.
  • The highest instances of this respiratory infection are seen in areas with high dog populations, such as race tracks, boarding kennels and pet stores, but it remains highly contagious to any dog of any age.
  • This virus is commonly mistaken for kennel cough, as the symptoms between the two are similar.

Symptoms:
  • Dry or hacking cough that may worsen with activity
  • Fever
  • Difficulty with breathing, wheezing
  • Runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Runny eyes, eye inflammation or conjunctivitis
  • Possible pneumonia with depression
  • loss of appetite and lethargy
dog parainfluenza virus
Prevention:
  • Puppies are routinely vaccinated for parainfluenza when they get their “puppy shots.”
  • The parainfluenza vaccine is given as part of the leptospirosis, distemper and parvo series. The vaccine is generally given on an annual basis.
  • Good hygiene is one way to avoid the disease. Don’t let your dog frequent places such as public parks or dog parks where they may be exposed to dogs that have not been vaccinated for the canine parainfluenza virus.

Treatment:
  • Many dogs can recover from this virus naturally, but they remain contagious and the virus can easily spread through respiratory secretions and through the air.
  • For this reason, the virus is usually treated aggressively with antibiotics and antiviral drugs.
  • If necessary, a cough suppressant may be used.
  • Intravenous fluids may help to keep the dog hydrated and strengthen the immune system, preventing secondary bacterial infections or other complications.