Dog Diseases - Rabies

 
Rabies in Dog Rabies is a virus that may affect the brain and spinal cord of all mammals, including dogs, cats and humans. Once symptoms appear, the disease results in fatality.

Transmission is by the introduction of the virus laden saliva into the tissues. The incubation period may be prolonged and variable.

After entering the muscle cells, the virus replicates itself, and travels via the peripheral nerves to the spinal cord, and ascends to the brain. From here it once again travels through the peripheral nerves to the salivary glands.

Clinical disease has 3 stages:
  1. Prodromal Stage: In the early symptom (prodomal) stage of rabies infection, the dog will show only mild signs of CNS abnormalities. This stage will last from one to three days.
  2. Furious Stage: Furious rabies is characterized by extreme behavioral changes, including overt aggression and attack behavior.
  3. Paralytic Stage: Paralytic rabies, also referred to as dumb rabies, is characterized by weakness and loss of coordination, followed by paralysis.
Rabies in Dog
Symptoms:
  • Behavioural changes
  • Loss of appetite
  • Desire for isolation
  • Anti-social behavior
  • Aggression
  • Somnolence
  • Lethargy
  • Foaming at the mouth
  • Paralysis

Prevention:
  • Keeping your dog up to date with vaccinations is essential for prevention.
  • Avoiding contact with wild animals is also necessary to prevention.

Treatment:
  • There is no treatment or cure for rabies once symptoms appear.
  • Since rabies presents a serious public health threat, dogs who are suspected of having the virus are most often euthanized.